In , the Egyptian Sultan, al-Malik udh-Dhahir Barquq , made him professor of the Qamhiyyah Madrasah and the grand qadi of the Maliki school of fiqh one of four schools, the Maliki school was widespread primarily in Western Africa. His efforts at reform encountered resistance, however, and within a year, he had to resign his judgeship. A contributory factor to his decision to resign may have been the heavy personal blow that struck him in , when a ship carrying his wife and children sank off the coast of Alexandria. Ibn Khaldun now decided to complete the pilgrimage to Mecca, after all.
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The evolvement process for us and other species never ended. To compensate for our physical vulnerability, we begun functioning in groups. And Why? If you are history lover, or eager to study the process of evolution from another standpoint, then this is the book for you. He was a renowned scholar, philosopher, historian and according to some the founder of sociology and demography.
Ibn is best known for The Muqaddimah, even among Westerners. In such regard, we have transformed from defenseless to protected. When our ancestors looked for food driven by hunger, the frightening, and blood-thirsty carnivores posed a threat to our existence. Over the years we sharpened our senses and developed the native wit for protection issues.
The ability to plunge into a discussion, interact , and think of solutions distinguish us as human beings from other species. The 14th century is enriched with mysteries and dark moments. The never-ending wars carved new mentality that was spontaneously embraced to survive such hostile environment.
People who used to live in areas of temperate climate are also known for their tenderness and calmness in both body and mind. The same thing refers to clothing, surviving, working, etc.
The mindset of these people was accompanied by wisdom which ultimately gave birth to a new era, where war was not the only solution.
The author takes on the Berbers as an illustration to this point. On the other hand, the Masumudah Berbers who lived in Morocco, their healthy diet generated and produced a new group of thinkers. The basic differentiation: Christians walk under the light of their savior Jesus Christ.
Buddhist are passionate about the meditation techniques practiced by the Gautama Buddha. Muslims , mostly the Arabic nations follow the guidance of the prophet Muhammad.
The embodiment of enlightenment is calmness, which clarifies the soul purification process. There are many terms used to describe this bliss, but in truth, the most natural way to explain it is — God imparts wisdom to your heart. What is the meaning of this? We leave you to judge and interpret this statement. In a clash of titans, the battlefield will decide — which group dominates.
Obviously, absent a strong determination, and energy — a loss is inevitable. To avoid defeat, the leaders of these early organizations had to lift the spirits of all members, put their oratory skills to the test, and push themselves beyond the limits by not doubting the cause as righteous.
The story of God creating the world has many angles and viewpoints, here we are going to stick to the elementary laws of evolution.
However, the real question arises from the ashes of morality. From where do our tendencies to do good deeds and commit terrible crimes emerge?
The harsh laws and egoistic reign can produce monsters. Since the beginning of civilization, the rulers and their state regulations laid down the foundation for developing an evil mentality that was consistently spreading among the residents. We leave you in a dilemma and give you several lessons that you can utilize in life.
The power of doubt 2. The troubling mind 3. The birth of social groups The power of doubt During any struggle, people are prone to shift sides and doubt the outcome.
If the other group take as gospel their main motto, the chances of victory increase. The victor is going to be decided after the test of faith! The troubling mind According to the author, the devil is responsible for whispering all the mean things. In other words, we are tested to resist the temptation to follow that evil voice inside our head. The origin of evil has its roots deeply embedded in animal consciousness as well.
The battle for survival is responsible for getting the best and the worst of each one of us, but what about the pure evil? The birth of social groups The strong belief and faith give rise to groups which are bounded by a sacred feeling. The infiltration is only feasible if the new member shares the same passion and understands the intimacy among the participants. This is a dangerous combination if we take into consideration the many wars that occurred between such groups.
Like this summary? They did not fight for any worldly purpose or over preferences of… Click To Tweet The term of life of a dynasty does not normally exceed three generations.
For in the first generation are still preserved the characteristic features of rough, uncivilized rural life, such as hard conditions of life, courage, ferocity,… Click To Tweet Throughout history many nations have suffered a physical defeat, but that has never marked the end of a nation. But when a nation has become the victim of a psychological defeat, then that marks the end of a nation. Click To Tweet Our Critical Review We were amazed by the accuracy of information, and the examples that Ibn used to illustrate a point.
The Muqaddimah is one of those books that cannot get old! Learn more and more, in the speed that the world demands. Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:.
Uniknya, pengantar kitab inilah yang justru lebih dikenal luas daripada buku aslinya. Buku pengantar yang berjudul al-Muqaddimah ini menjadikan nama Ibnu Khaldun begitu harum. Buku Muqaddimah yang kini telah diterjemahkan ke dalam berbagai bahasa dunia menjadi bukti terpenting betapa piawainya Ibnu Khaldun dalam berbagai lapangan ilmu pengetauhan. Keahliannya dalam sosiologi, filasafat, ekonomi, politik dan budaya, tampak jelas dalam buku ini.
Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun
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