His ideas on housing evolved gradually before culminating at Aranya, 6km outside what used to be the centre of Indore and is now an indivisible part of its urban jumble. Over time, in line with the needs, resources and desires of occupants, homes begin to grow, creating a staggered fl ow of spaces from private rooms to outdoor staircases to shared courtyards to streets to open spaces to roads. In the post-independence and pre-liberalisation years, housing was part of the process of nation-building, and although no nationwide policies were administered by the central government, numerous institutions were given a chance, entrusted with the task of building expertise and delivering housing: the State Housing Boards were established in the s, tailgated by HUDCO in Img Source: Vastushilpa Foundation Each plot is provided with a plinth, a toilet at the back and an electrical connection: architecture as system and process rather than finished structure Asked to design complete townships for new industries on the outskirts of cities, Doshi resisted the unwise proliferation of repetitive and isolated multi-storey blocks on large swathes of land.
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However, Aranya Low-Cost Housing defeated all these presumed facts when it came into existence a few years back. Designed by the award-winning architect, Balkrishna Doshi, Aranya Low-Cost Housing is everything that a buyer could wish for. Conceptualised by Indore Development Authority, the total built-up area of this society is 1 lakh sq mt, constructed at a cost of Rs million.
The total idea of conceiving this project was to improve and upgrade the existing slum area and provide around 6, residential plots of varying sizes starting from sq ft for economically weaker section to 4, sq ft for high-income groups.
The entire project was funded by the sale proceeds of the middle-income plots. The community was designed in a way so that all the facilities are evenly distributed and a link with the town centre can be maintained. Pedestrian access was made easy. Being a slum development project, the inspiration was taken from the existing slum settlements where a small neighbourhood is formed with houses extending to the outdoors.
Trees were planted in public places and streets that could accommodate social, economic and domestic activities were planned. The location of Aranya Low-Cost Housing was strategic. The area has Delhi-Mumbai Highway running on the east and has developing industrial areas on the north, south and west. The site was selected on the basis of linkages to the city and employment opportunities in the surroundings. Aranya master plan was informal with interlinked space of cultural context and maintenance of roads, open spaces and a central location for basic community services.
Almost 58 per cent of the total space was occupied for housing, 26 per cent for roads, 9 per cent for open spaces and 7 per cent for community and commercial facilities. Residents were independent of using any material like brick or stone for the construction purpose.
Vehicular access was limited to rectilinear and formal roads which were meter wide.
This small township in Indore shows how India's biggest housing problem can be solved
However, Aranya Low-Cost Housing defeated all these presumed facts when it came into existence a few years back. Designed by the award-winning architect, Balkrishna Doshi, Aranya Low-Cost Housing is everything that a buyer could wish for. Conceptualised by Indore Development Authority, the total built-up area of this society is 1 lakh sq mt, constructed at a cost of Rs million. The total idea of conceiving this project was to improve and upgrade the existing slum area and provide around 6, residential plots of varying sizes starting from sq ft for economically weaker section to 4, sq ft for high-income groups.
Revisit: Aranya low-cost housing, Indore, Balkrishna Doshi
Their size and organization incorporates all the neighborhood facilities in appropriate quantities to sustain community life. The ideological basis for planning Aranya has been the following: Vitality — development to support socio-economic aspirations of the community. Imageability — builtform to impart identity and inculcate a sense of belonging amongst the inhabitants. Equity — to create equitable balanced community with satisfactory level of environmental qualities and opportunities for all. Efficiency — to realize development that optimizes natural, material as well as human resources to the advantage of the user group. Flexibility — to evolve framework that absorbs with ease the progressive change and growth as a part of natural development process. Feasibility — to ensure development within given legal, fiscal and organizational milieu Topography of the site was important determinant in planning roads, and other service networks to maximize use of gravity flow and minimize the cut and fill of land: Introduction of open slot around service core combines twice as many toilets per manhole and cuts down pipe lengths to half, achieving economic efficiency without affecting its performance.