Traktat kosmologiczny History of Western Philosophy. This article has no associated abstract. Berkeleya Traktat o zasadach poznania. If there is a Ludzkieego, he knows much more than we do about the relevant facts regarding the diversity of religious beliefs and practices and regarding their soteriological, spiritual or moral efficacy in allowing various individuals to fulfil their human potential, and thus it would not be surprising at all if God has reasons for allowing religious diversity to persist and flourish that we cannot fathom.
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Shelves: footnotes-to-plato George Berkeley was an English philosopher in the empiricist school. In this short treatise, he put forward many of his most influential ideas, including his critique of intellectual abstraction, and the dependence of reality on perception.
Further, his writing is clear, organized, and he actively George Berkeley was an English philosopher in the empiricist school. Further, his writing is clear, organized, and he actively seeks to anticipate any objections that others might have to his points. This combination serves to make the Principles of Human Knowledge an enjoyable read. I believe that this work can be read advantageously by anybody. In that work, Locke famously argues that the mind is a "blank slate" and that all of our thoughts are ultimately beholden to our experience.
The "self" could not exist without sensation. Locke also points out that our sensations are only secondary qualities of objects. The primary qualities, or the arrangement of particles that actually make up an object, are largely unknowable.
This was largely a response to Descartes and the rationalist school. In his Discourse on Method and Meditations, Descartes takes a sceptic stance, and maintains that all we perceive cannot be accepted as true.
After all, we perceive things in dreams, but nobody thinks that those actually happen. He then concludes that all we can be sure of to exist is ourselves, and God. All external reality is doubtful. Far from saying that we should not trust our senses, Berkeley argues that nothing exists without us perceiving it.
Instead of senses being an imperfect window to reality, or untrustworthy phantasms, sensations become synonymous with reality. This goes further than Locke, as Berkeley argues that no such "primary qualities" exist, only secondary. Descartes finds God as he meditates within himself.
Berkeley finds God in everything we see, hear, touch, taste, and smell. The two views could not be more dissimilar.
George Berkeley (1685-1753), Traktat o zasadach poznania ludzkiego
George Berkeley (filozof)