She agreed but with one condition: that Shantanu would not ask any questions about her actions. Shantanu accepted her condition and made a vow never to ask her the reason for her actions. They married and she later gave birth to a son but drowned the child very soon after his birth. Shantanu could not ask her the reason, because of his promise, lest she would leave him. One by one, seven sons were born to them and were all drowned by Ganga.
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It lays the basic story startup, narrated by Sauti, summoned by the rishis at Naimisharanya. The Adi Parva narrates the history of the Bharata race in detail, also tracing the history of the Bhrigu race. The early life of the Pandava and Kaurava prince families is also depicted in this parva. This parva is divided into 19 sub parvas and about chapters. The death of the rakshasa Vaka and the marriage of Draupadi were some of the major events of the Adi Parva.
Sabha Parva Sabha Parva, also known as the book of the Assembly Hall, contains the popular story of Game of Dice, the event that was the turning point in the lives of the Kauravas and the Pandavas. This Parva accounts the details Maya Danava and his efforts to construct the palace and court, Indrapastha.
The parva ends with the game of dice ending with the exile of the Pandavas. The Rajasuya Yajna, performed by Yudhisthira is also one of the major highlights of this Parva.
This is one of the longest Parvas of the Mahabharata, and contains detailed accounts of the life of the Pandavas during their exile in the forest, for the period of twelve years. It contains all the descriptions of their discussions and the lessons that they learn in forest. Their tales in the forests, are still popular stories, told by Grandmothers to their grandchildren.
It also contains the preparation of war by the Pandavas. Virata Parva The Virata Parva, the fourth book of Mahabharata, largely deals with the thirteenth year of exiled life lived in incognito in the Kingdom of Virat.
The five brothers stayed there in disguise, and Draupadi too stayed in the kingdom for a year, in disguise. All of them were disguised in accordance with their skill and quality. Udyoga Parva Udyoga Parva, the fifth of the eighteen book, is also known as the Book Of Effort, which consists of 10 sub-parvas and about chapters. Udyoga Parva deals with the period immediately following the end of the exile of the Pandavas.
This book describes the effort to keep peace after their half of the kingdom had been denied to the Pandavas. After the failed attempts to maintain peace, the preparation for the Great War, Kurukshetra War, began. This parva is named after the commander in chief of the Kaurava army, Bhishma. This parva is centered around the life story Bhishma, the son of Santanu. This book is also widely studied in The Bhagvad Gita, one of the most popular books based on the Hindu religion.
The book ends with Bhishma seriously injured and unable to lead the army. Drona Parva The seventh book of the Mahabharata, the Drona Parva, is based on the Drona, who takes over as the commander in chief of the Kaurava armies. He was appointed on the 11th day, and he died on the 15th day of the eighteen day war.
This parva also denotes how the great war became brutal with each passing day. Drona had to fight for the Kaurava army, though he knew that the Pandavas were right. This was because he was indebted to the kingdom of Hastinapur for all the assistance that they provided. Hence, he was bound to fight for the king Dhritrashtra. Karna Parva The Karna Parva, the eighth book of the Mahabharata, consists of only one sub-parva, having 96 chapters.
This parva revolves entirely around the life story of Karna, starting with his birth, till his death in the great war in the hands of Arjuna. The war also describes the exhaustion of all the people involved in the war. The epic confrontation of Karna and Arjuna is contained in this parva. Shalya Parva The Shalya Parva, the ninth book of the Mahabharata, consists of 4 sub parvas and 64 chapters. This Parva shows the take-over of the Kaurava army by Shalya, after the death of Karna, in the hands of Arjuna.
This Parva also has details of the last day of the great Kurukshetra war. One of the major episodes in this parva is the death of Shakuni in the hands of Sahadeva.
Out of the entire Kaurava army, only three survive by the end of the battle. Sauptika Parva The tenth book of Mahabharata, the Sauptika Parva, or the book of the sleeping, consists of 2 sub parvas and 18 chapters. Sauptika Parva deals with revenge taken by Aswatthama, Kripa and Kritavarman, the three out of four survivors of the kuru army. They take their revenge on the night after the 18th day, when they go to the Pandavas army camp and killed all those who were sleeping.
Stri Parva The eleventh book, Stri Parva, or the book of the women, consists of 4 sub-parvas and 27 chapters. This book dealt with impact of the war on the women, whose husbands and sons and fathers dies in the battlefield of the great Kurukshetra War.
Shanti Parva The Shanti Parva, the book of peace, is the twelfth book of the 18 books of Mahabharata, and is also one of the longest parvas after the end of the war. It deals with aftermath of the great battle, and the crowning of Yudhishthira as the king of Hastinapur, and the instructons given by Bhishma to the new king, Yudhishthira. This parva also deals with the attempt to restore peace in the kingdom. Anushasana Parva The thirteenth book of the Mahabharata, the Anushasana Parva, the book of instructions, deals with Bhishma giving the final instructions to Yudhidhthira, in continuation with what he started in the Shanti Parva.
Bhishma discusses with him and the sages, the duties of a ruler, and also gives him instruction on Dharma. Ashvamedhika Parva The Ashvamedhika Parva, is fourteenth parva, meaning the book of the horse sacrifice. This has accounts of the royal ceremony of Ashvameda or horse sacrifice conducted by Yudhishthira, on the instructions of Krishna. This parva consists of 2 sub parvas and 92 chapters. It also has accounts of Krishna advising Yudhishthira to conduct mining in Himavat to restore the wealth in the kingdom, which had been evacuated due to the great War.
Ashramavasika Parva The Ashramavasika Parva, the fifteenth parva of the Mahabharata, comprises of 3 sub-parvas and 92 chapters. This Parva describes the period of prosperous and golden rule under the kingship of Yudhishthira after the Kurukshetra war.
The popular meeting of Yudhishthira with Narada is narrated in this Parva. It means the book of clubs. It has nine chapters and is one of the shortest parvas of the Mahabharata. It has accounts of the death of Krishna 36 years after the Kurukshetra war. Mahaprasthanika Parva The seventeenth parva of the 18 parvas of the Mahabharata, Mahaprasthanika parva, means the Book of the Great Journey.
It consists of three chapters making it the shortest Parva of the Mahabharata. It recites the journey of Pandavas across the Indian Territory and finally their ascent to the Himalayas. Svargarohana Parva The last Parva of the Mahabharata, consists of five chapters, making it the second shortest Parva.
It means the Book of the Ascent to Heaven. This entry was posted in Mahabharata. Bookmark the permalink. Temple Purohit TemplePurohit.
18 Parvas of Mahabharata
Structure and chapters[ edit ] Fight between Bhishma and Arjuna. This Parva book traditionally has 4 sub-parvas sub-books or little books and adhyayas sections, chapters. Jamvu - khanda Vinirmana Parva chapters 1 - 10  The parva begins with a meeting of two sides where the rules of war are agreed. Rishi Veda Vyasa , the grandfather to both Kauravas and Pandavas , offers a blessing to Dhritarashtra - who is blind - in the form of the gift of sight, so he can see the tragedy unfolding ahead. Dhritarashtra declines the offer, claiming he does not want to witness the slaughter of his family and friends. Vyasa then gave boon of celestial vision to Sanjaya, to have knowledge of everything, Manifest or concealed, happening there, even thoughts in the mind. And weapons will not be able to harm him, while the war is in progress.
Saint Vaisampaayana told Janamejaya the story of Mahabharata. On hearing about the defeat of his son on the 6th day OF war, Dhritarashtra was very much annoyed and asked Sanjaya to tell him what had happened later. Sanjaya continued to say: "On 6th day night, your son, Suyodhana, went to the place of stay of Bhishma and asked him: "O my grandsire! Day by day, our troops are diminishing. Today, I was defeated by Bhimasena and fainted. What more insult will be there in my life? I earnestly requested you to defeat Pandavas.
They are each named after the commander of the Kaurava army during the eighteen day war - Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Shalya. Bhishma Parva then is the name of the sixth parva in the Mahabharata, and it covers the first ten days of the war. More pertinently, the sixty third parva of the Mahabharata, which is the third parva in the Bhishma Parva, is the Bhagavad Gita parva - which contains the song of the lord. I have not included quotes from that parva in this post. That needs to go into a separate post of its own. Here then are selected quotes from the Bhishma Parva. Those who had withdrawn from the midst of battle should not be killed under any circumstances.
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