A few of the symptoms of a Bochdalek Hernia include difficulty breathing, fast respiration and increased heart rate. Also, if the baby appears to have cyanosis blue-tinted skin this can also be a sign. If the baby has a Bochdalek Hernia it may appear that one side of the chest cavity is larger than the other and or the abdomen seems to be scaphoid caved in. During fetal development, the diaphragm is formed between the seventh and tenth week.
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Bochdalek hernia is a rare congenital condition. Read this lesson to learn more about this specific type of hernia, common characteristics of the condition, and how to treat it. What is a Hernia? Joan, a middle school teacher, has recently started suffering from abdominal pain. Eager to find some relief from the ongoing and increasing discomfort, she makes an appointment with her doctor. After viewing the image, the doctor suspects a hernia, or weakened area of muscle, in her diaphragm. The doctor explains that the diaphragm is a muscle separating the abdominal space from her organs in the chest.
Joan learns that her diaphragmatic hernia is likely the cause of her discomfort. Bochdalek Hernias To manage her symptoms and determine her treatment plan, Joan sees another doctor who specializes in hernia repair.
During her appointment, she finds out that while hernias are pretty common, her specific type of hernia is relatively rare. She is diagnosed with a Bochdalek hernia on the left side, a congenital defect occurring within the womb during fetal development. The Bochdalek hernia is a result of the diaphragm muscle not completely closing shortly after birth, leaving a weak spot or hole in the muscle.
This particular hernia occurs towards the back or posterior aspect of the diaphragm. The condition can be life-threatening in infancy; less serious Bochdalek hernias may be diagnosed in childhood. Very few Bochdalek hernias first cause symptoms in adulthood. Symptoms of the Bochdalek hernia include: Abdominal pain.
Diagnosis[ edit ] Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: coronal obstetric ultrasound head to right of image, thorax centre, abdomen left shows the stomach and heart both within the thorax. This condition can often be diagnosed before birth and fetal intervention can sometimes help, depending on the severity of the condition. The first condition is a restriction of blood flow through the lungs thought to be caused by defects in the lung. Pulmonary hypoplasia or decreased lung volume is directly related to the abdominal organs presence in the chest cavity which causes the lungs to be severely undersized, especially on the side of the hernia.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Bochdalek hernia is a rare congenital condition. Read this lesson to learn more about this specific type of hernia, common characteristics of the condition, and how to treat it. What is a Hernia? Joan, a middle school teacher, has recently started suffering from abdominal pain. Eager to find some relief from the ongoing and increasing discomfort, she makes an appointment with her doctor.
Bochdalek Hernia: Symptoms & Repair
Open in a separate window There was overall 2. The surgical approach for them included laparotomy and laparoscopy in Table 3 Open in a separate window Table 4 Open in a separate window Embryological Cause Embryologically, the development of diaphragm occurs during the fourth week of gestation, and by the sixth week the pleuroperitoneal folds on the lateral body wall grows medially to fuse with the septum transversum. Uncommon contents may include the spleen, tail of pancreas, and the kidney.