Left: two resonance structures of DMF. Right: illustration highlighting delocalization. Reactions[ edit ] DMF is hydrolyzed by strong acids and bases, especially at elevated temperatures. With sodium hydroxide , DMF converts to formate and dimethylamine. DMF undergoes decarbonylation near its boiling point to give dimethylamine.
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Appearance: APHA: 20 max liquid. Flash Point: 58 deg C. Flammable liquid and vapor. May cause harm to the unborn child. Harmful if absorbed through skin or if inhaled.
Lachrymator substance which increases the flow of tears. Causes eye and skin irritation. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause central nervous system effects. Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, central nervous system, liver, spleen, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, eyes, skin. Potential Health Effects Eye: Causes eye irritation. Skin: Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Substance is rapidly absorbed through the skin. Ingestion: Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
May be harmful if swallowed. Inhalation: Harmful if inhaled. Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Repeated exposure may cause damage to the spleen. Adverse reproductive effects have been reported in animals. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Chronic exposure may cause blood effects. Possible risk of harm to the unborn child. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of wa ter for at least 15 minutes. Skin: Get medical aid immediately.
Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately. Call a poison control center. Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately.
If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do not use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Will burn if involved in a fire. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing Media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Flash Point: 58 deg C Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate personal protection. See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Do not let this chemical enter the environment.
Section 7 - Handling and Storage Handling: Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Storage: Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood. Exposure Limits.