Diagnosis[ edit ] The diagnosis is usually suspected clinically but often requires the aid of diagnostic imaging modalities, most commonly radiography. Closeup of intestine of infant showing necrosis and pneumatosis intestinalis. Gross pathology of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Autopsy of infant showing abdominal distension, intestinal necrosis and hemorrhage, and peritonitis due to perforation. Prevention[ edit ] Prevention includes the use of breast milk and probiotics.

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