Feuchtwanger acquired a large collection of the various editions and translations of the works of Flavius Josephus spanning years of printing. The earliest of these is a Florentine edition from in Italian. Chronologically follow seven 16th century imprints, including a Greek edition by Froben, the famous Swiss printer. Incunabula As a lover of books who was interested in the history of printing, Feuchtwanger enjoyed collecting early printed books.
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Two of his sisters settled in Palestine following the rise of the Nazi Party. One was killed in a concentration camp, and another settled in New York. Lion studied literature and philosophy in the universities of Munich and Berlin. He made his first attempt at writing while still a student and won an award. In in Munich, he passed his Abitur examinations at an elite school, Wilhelmsgymnasium.
He then studied history, philosophy and German philology in Munich and Berlin. Early career[ edit ] After studying a variety of subjects, he became a theatre critic and founded the culture magazine Der Spiegel in She was pregnant at the wedding, but the child died shortly after birth. At the outbreak of the First World War in , Feuchtwanger served in the German military service but was released early for health reasons.
His experience as a soldier contributed to his leftist writings. During the German Revolution of — , Feuchtwanger was ill and unable to participate. Association with Brecht[ edit ] Feuchtwanger soon became a figure in the literary world, and he was sought out by the young Bertolt Brecht. For professional reasons, he moved to Berlin in and then to a large villa in Grunewald in He published the first part of the trilogy Josephus The Jewish War in Early opposition to Nazis[ edit ] Feuchtwanger was one of the very first to produce propaganda against Hitler and the Nazi Party.
As early as he published in the satirical text Conversations with the Wandering Jew: Towers of Hebrew books were burned, and bonfires were erected high up in the clouds, and people burnt, innumerable priests and voices sang: Gloria in excelsis Deo.
Traits of men, women, children dragged themselves across the square from all sides, they were naked or in rags, and they had nothing with them as corpses and the tatters of book rolls of torn, disgraced, soiled with feces Books roles. And they followed men and women in kaftans and dresses the children in our day, countless, endless.
The novel was rejected by the major publishing houses and then was reluctantly taken on by a small publishing house. However, the novel was so well-received that it went through five printings of 39, copies within a year as well as being translated into 17 languages by The anti-Semitic film, released in , portrays Oppenheimer in a much less favourable light than the original.
The new regime soon began persecuting him, and while he was on a speaking tour of America, in Washington, D. The next day, Prittwitz resigned from the diplomatic corps and called Feuchtwanger to recommend that he not return home. In , while Feuchtwanger was on tour, his house was ransacked by government agents who stole or destroyed many items from his extensive library, including invaluable manuscripts of some of his projected works one of the characters in The Oppermanns undergoes an identical experience.
During that time, he published the novel The Oppermanns. Feuchtwanger and his wife did not return to Germany but moved to Southern France , settling in Sanary-sur-Mer. His works were included among those burned in the May 10, , Nazi book burning held across Germany. In his writings, Feuchtwanger exposed Nazi racist policies years before the British and French governments abandoned their policy of appeasement towards Hitler.
He remembered that American politicians were also among those who suggested that "Hitler be given a chance. After leaving Germany in , Feuchtwanger lived in Sanary-sur-Mer. The high sales of his books, especially in the Anglo-Saxon world, allowed him a relatively comfortable life in exile. In his travel impressions of Moscow in , in Moskau , he praised life under Stalin and justified the show trials against indicted Trotskyites , attracting outrage from Arnold Zweig and Franz Werfel. Imprisonment and escape[ edit ] When France declared war on Germany in , Feuchtwanger was interned for a few weeks in Camp des Milles.
When the Germans invaded France in , Feuchtwanger was captured and again imprisoned at Les Milles. From there, he was smuggled to Marseille disguised as a woman. After months of waiting in Marseille, he was able to flee with his wife Marta to the United States via Spain and Portugal.
Waitstill Sharp volunteered to accompany Feuchtwanger by rail from Marseille, across Spain, to Lisbon. If Feuchtwanger had been recognized at border crossings in France or Spain, he would have been detained and turned over to the Gestapo.
Realizing that Feuchtwanger was still not out of reach of the Nazis even in Portugal, Martha Sharp gave up her own berth on the Excalibur so Feuchtwanger could sail immediately for New York City with her husband. In , Feuchtwanger bought Villa Aurora in Pacific Palisades, California , and he continued to write there until his death in Postwar[ edit ] During the McCarthy era , he became the target of suspicion as a left-wing intellectual.
At the end of life, he dealt with Jewish themes again The Jewess of Toledo and advocated a Jewish state as a refuge. There as an ardent anti-fascist and communist sympathizer he was held in high honor, even if the Jewish portions of his work were less appreciated. After several operations he died from internal bleeding in late His wife Marta continued to live in their house on the coast and remained an important figure in the exile community, devoting the remainder of her life to the work of her husband.
Shelves: favorites This is an utterly enjoyable book, certainly one the best historical novels ever written about Spain or about the lives of famous painters. Feuchtwanger transports the reader to late 18th century Madrid and into the inner workings of the Spanish court. He does an excellent job with the very ambitious task of recreating the deeply conflicted inner world of a great artist, and he captures the spirit and character of Goya in a way that is both plausible and compelling. Especially well done is Goyas This is an utterly enjoyable book, certainly one the best historical novels ever written about Spain or about the lives of famous painters. The character portraits of Carlos IV, Maria Luisa, and Manuel Godoy are utterly believable, the 18th century Spanish struggle between the forces of enlightenment and conservatism as represented by a reinvigorated Inquisition is convincingly laid out, and the love story between the artist and the Duchess of Alba is particularly compelling. There is much a novelist could learn from this book in terms of how to fashion a love story that is almost unbearably sweet while at the same time dramatic and filled with raging conflict.
Goya oder der arge Weg der Erkenntnis
Shakagore Books by Lion Feuchtwanger. Peter Lang, Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos. In feuchtwnger projects Wikimedia Commons. As an artist, Goya was a step between the traditional court painter Velasquez, who he revered, and painters who would follow, both in the color palette he used and in the themes he represented. The new regime soon began persecuting him, and while he was on a speaking tour of America, in Washington, Feuchwtanger. There as an ardent anti-fascist and communist sympathizer he was held in high honor, even if the Jewish portions of his work were less appreciated.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
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