Ana Zentella Book Reviews data, dose interpretation, and sweeping social and linguistic theory make this a very significant work. Wilce nau. Ana Celia Zentella. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, While borrowing from the theoretical and methodological rep- ertoires as well as activist stances of a wide variety of sociolinguists and linguistic anthropologists, she nonetheless presents a powerful and synthetic perspective uniquely her own. Being an "indigenous ethnographer"—a role she explicitly problematizes and reevaluates for its benefits and pitfalls—contributes to the impact of the book, un- derlying, for instance, her comprehension and skillful use of evocative detail to depict character and setting.
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Ana Zentella Book Reviews data, dose interpretation, and sweeping social and linguistic theory make this a very significant work. Wilce nau. Ana Celia Zentella. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, While borrowing from the theoretical and methodological rep- ertoires as well as activist stances of a wide variety of sociolinguists and linguistic anthropologists, she nonetheless presents a powerful and synthetic perspective uniquely her own.
Being an "indigenous ethnographer"—a role she explicitly problematizes and reevaluates for its benefits and pitfalls—contributes to the impact of the book, un- derlying, for instance, her comprehension and skillful use of evocative detail to depict character and setting. Also, her ethnic membership adds emotional weight to her call for the application of research findings to the redress of the education, employ- ment, and psychosodal problems faced by Puerto Ricans in the United States. Nonetheless, all of this could be true and still not prefigure the analytic clarity, substantive depth, and overall integration of her text.
The book reads in some respects like a collection of separate essays devoted to somewhat discrete subjects: bilingualism and language shift, code switching, the structural consequences of languages in contact, language socialization, bilingual acquisition, and applied issues.
Instead, theory relevant to a particular topic is laid out at the start of each chapter, and snippets of culture e. The strength of this layout, however, is that chapters of the book could be used selectively or the book as a whole as a classroom text to illustrate various language—in sociocultural context topics.
And despite the lack of in-depth exposi- tory chapters, the book does not lack cohesion, as cross-references are made between Journal of Linguistic Anthropology chapters and graceful transitions draw the reader out of one topic and into the next, creating a dense and multiplex fabric, textually mirroring the social relationships that constitute el bloque.
Nor does the reader set sail without any compass or rudder the first chapter lays out a general outline of the topics to be addressed and touches upon the various theories and methods that have shaped the research.
Thus, one understands that this is an ethnographic study of a traditionally if temporarily bounded and inte- grated community, but involves also the long-term follow-up of several community members. The second chapter sketches community members, activities, and preoccupations within a wider sociohistoric context; categorizes the 20 families involved in the study; introduces the five individuals to be focused on most closely all girls aged six to 11 at the start of the study ; and provides an extended transcribed text of a summer evening, illustrating in mis way the sorts of interactions, linguistic phenomena, and interpersonal dynamics with which the book as a whole is concerned.
Zentella presents in brief the histories and diagnostic characteristics of each variety as well as a social networks account of who within el bloque speaks which when and why, and what sociopolitical consequences follow from the acquisition or not of these varieties.
In the first of these chapters she presents quantified findings concerning the community as a whole coding by gender, age, migration history, household structure, and caregiving patterns that testify to a general pattern of language shift. The second chapter presents a more fine-tuned ethnographic exploration of the social and linguistic consequences of the idiosyncratic influences at work in three homes, ranging from an unexpected employment opportunity within a Spanish-dominant work setting to a divorce ending in movement away from el bloque into an Eng- lish-speaking neighborhood.
The natural discourse code switching of the five key subjects the girls consented to carry tape recorders in their backpacks for hours of taping over the course of 18 months is the focus of the next two chapters. Nonetheless, she is adept at teasing out the strategic choices and investments made by subjects in the face of such odds.
In particular, she pursues the fate of their competence and literacy in standard varieties Book Reviews of English and Spanish, as well as their attitudes toward and capacity to use all of their multidialectal resources to communicate effectively within a range of social networks—whether as a young mother re-ensconced in the Spanish-dominant world of older women, as a talent-scouted student at a mixed Latino and African American performance arts high school, or as a typist in an Anglo insurance company.
She highlights the notion of defenderse, the concern with teaching children to defend themselves both physically and verbally in an increasingly hostile world—for this youngest generation of parents, which linguistic variety the children use to defen- derse is of less concern than that they be safe.
And with this new set of children it seems clear that the pendulum has definitely shifted away from the acquisition of any real competence in Spanish. In the final chapter, Zentella makes an impassioned case against English Only policies, which undermine bilingual education initiatives. This well-crafted book lends real credence to her claim that the result would be a benefit to the nation as a whole.
London: Sage Publications, At the same time, while certainly a growing area of interest, the study Related Papers.
Growing up Bilingual: Puerto Rican Children in New York
Ana Celia Zentella
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