For Haraway, the Manifesto offered a response to the rising conservatism during the s in the United States at a critical juncture at which feminists, in order to have any real-world significance, had to acknowledge their situatedness within what she terms the "informatics of domination. To ground her argument, Haraway analyzes the phrase "women of color", suggesting it as one possible example of affinity politics. Using a term coined by theorist Chela Sandoval, Haraway writes that "oppositional consciousness" is comparable with a cyborg politics, because rather than identity it stresses how affinity comes as a result of "otherness, difference, and specificity". Her new versions of beings reject Western humanist conceptions of personhood and promote a disembodied world of information and the withering of subjectivity.
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For Haraway, the Manifesto offered a response to the rising conservatism during the s in the United States at a critical juncture at which feminists, in order to have any real-world significance, had to acknowledge their situatedness within what she terms the "informatics of domination. To ground her argument, Haraway analyzes the phrase "women of color", suggesting it as one possible example of affinity politics.
Using a term coined by theorist Chela Sandoval, Haraway writes that "oppositional consciousness" is comparable with a cyborg politics, because rather than identity it stresses how affinity comes as a result of "otherness, difference, and specificity". Her new versions of beings reject Western humanist conceptions of personhood and promote a disembodied world of information and the withering of subjectivity.
The collective consciousness of the beings and their limitless access to information provide the tools with which to create a world of immense socio-political change through altruism and affinity, not biological unity. In her essay Haraway challenges the liberal human subject and its lack of concern for collective desires which leaves the possibility for wide corruption and inequality in the world.
A world of beings with a type of shared knowledge could create a powerful political force towards positive change. Cyborgs can see "from both perspectives at once. Haraway explains that her "Manifesto" is "an effort to build an ironic political myth faithful to feminism, socialism, and materialism.
Haraway creates an analogy using current technologies and information to imagine a world with a collective coalition that had the capabilities to create grand socio-political change. Interweaving ideas that were playful and imaginative with an incisive critique of the totalizing essentialism that was the ironic hallmark of the myriad strands of the second-wave feminist movement — encompassing, but not limited to, Marxist, psychoanalytic and radical feminist approaches — Haraway conscientiously articulates the politics of a monstrous creature of the post-gender world: the cyborg.
Haraway offers a critique of the feminist intervention into masculinized traditions of scientific rhetoric and the concept of objectivity. The essay identifies the metaphor that gives shape to the traditional feminist critique as a polarization.
At one end lies those who would assert that science is a rhetorical practice and, as such, all "science is a contestable text and a power field". Haraway posits that by acknowledging and understanding the contingency of their own position in the world, and hence the contestable nature of their claims to knowledge, subjects can produce knowledge with greater objectivity than if they claimed to be neutral observers. In Primate Visions: Gender, Race, and Nature in the World of Modern Science , she focused on the metaphors and narratives that direct the science of primatology.
She asserted that there is a tendency to masculinize the stories about "reproductive competition and sex between aggressive males and receptive females [that] facilitate some and preclude other types of conclusions".
Drawing on examples of Western narratives and ideologies of gender , race and class , Haraway questioned the most fundamental constructions of scientific human nature stories based on primates. In Primate Visions, she wrote: "My hope has been that the always oblique and sometimes perverse focusing would facilitate revisionings of fundamental, persistent western narratives about difference, especially racial and sexual difference; about reproduction, especially in terms of the multiplicities of generators and offspring; and about survival, especially about survival imagined in the boundary conditions of both the origins and ends of history, as told within western traditions of that complex genre".
In a publication, she remarked: I want feminists to be enrolled more tightly in the meaning-making processes of technoscientific world-building. I also want feminist—activists, cultural producers, scientists, engineers, and scholars all overlapping categories — to be recognized for the articulations and enrollment we have been making all along within technoscience, in spite of the ignorance of most "mainstream" scholars in their characterization or lack of characterizations of feminism in relation to both technoscientific practice and technoscience studies.
This is a book that systematically distorts and selects historical evidence; but that is not a criticism, because its author thinks that all interpretations are biased, and she regards it as her duty to pick and choose her facts to favor her own brand of politics.
This is a book full of vaporous, French-intellectual prose that makes Teilhard de Chardin sound like Ernest Hemingway by comparison; but that is not a criticism, because the author likes that sort of prose and has taken lessons in how to write it, and she thinks that plain, homely speech is part of a conspiracy to oppress the poor. This is a book that clatters around in a dark closet of irrelevancies for pages before it bumps accidentally into its index and stops; but that is not a criticism, either, because its author finds it gratifying and refreshing to bang unrelated facts together as a rebuke to stuffy minds.
This book infuriated me; but that is not a defect in it, because it is supposed to infuriate people like me, and the author would have been happier still if I had blown out an artery. In short, this book is flawless, because all its deficiencies are deliberate products of art.
Given its assumptions, there is nothing here to criticize. Neologisms are continually coined, and sentences are paragraph-long and convoluted. Biography, history, propaganda, science, science fiction, and cinema are intertwined in the most confusing way. Perhaps the idea is to induce a slightly dissociated state, so that readers can be lulled into belief. If one did not already possess some background, this book would give no lucid history of anthropology or primatology.
However, a review in the Journal of the History of Biology disagrees:  Primate Visions is one of the most important books to come along in the last twenty years. Historians of science have begun to write more externalist histories, acknowledging the possibilities of a science profoundly integrated with ongoing social agenda.
The book is important to students of science, feminists, historians, and anyone else interested in how the complex systems of race, gender, and science intertwine to produce supposedly objective versions of the "truth.
Analysis of Donna Haraway’s The Companion Species Manifesto.
She uses the term companion species instead of companion animal because humans, as historical and social organisms, have been affected by many species that do not fall into the animal category, such as insects and bacteria. That being said, so as to focus her argument, she bases her manifesto on the companion-species she most cares for: dogs. She hopes to explore significant otherness by taking dog-human relationships seriously, and to demonstrate the importance of history within naturecultures by examining dog-human worlds. Her main goal is to reflect upon human-animal relationships and other naturecultures to better understand our approaches the good ones and the bad ones to technoscience studies. The idea is to look at how these species are linked to us historically on a social, biological and behavioural level. She concentrates her writing on two herding breeds: the Great Pyrenees and the Aurtralian Sheperd, the former being by far the star of her manifesto. With the claim that stories are bigger than ideologies, she embarks in telling us stories from the dog world with the hope that they will make us realize their importance.
Jul 03, Christine Leja rated it did not like it. The Companion Species Manifesto: The unemphasized but more interesting—because more generally applicable—sections of the work have to do with dog love and approaches to dog training. The Companion Species Manifesto: Dogs, People, and Significant Otherness, Haraway She attempts to explore otherness by examining the relationship between dogs and humans in a serious, critical tone. Damn, I lost this book somewhere. It manifesti through this process that we know the history of our cultural relationship with dogs.
The Companion Species Manifesto