Faumi It was clear tafssir him asshur the lack of ijtihad tasfir grave consequences. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life. Preferring a solitary hadith over a rational deduction based on context would be problematic.
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Early life[ edit ] Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur was born in Tunis in to an affluent family and died in at age He was of Andalusian origin. The family had shown dedication to the pursuit of knowledge for generations. His grandfather was especially renowned. When he entered Zaytuna , care was made to provide him the best teachers. He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life. He positioned himself as a bridge between the classical Islamic legal heritage and the needs of a modern world. His references to the great works of law are respectful, but he does not hesitate to point out shortcomings.
Responding to modern challenges to Islamic traditions, Ibn Ashur called for substantive reforms in Islamic education. Personal views[ edit ] Ibn Ashur intended his work to be relevant for the modern world. He claimed that the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities. Appropriate legal responses to situations in the modern world cannot be found by delving deeper and deeper into the meaning of a word.
Scholarly work[ edit ] Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker. The entire field surrounding the word must be considered. In contrast, the return of generations to Medina to assess the meaning of a statement shows the importance of understanding context. Ibn Ashur questioned the juridical weight of an isolated hadith in determining legislation.
Preferring a solitary hadith over a rational deduction based on context would be problematic. Ibn Ashur says that a weak hadith is open to error, and qiyas is open to error, but in addition, the weak hadith may be a lie and the consequence of using it would be worse than using qiyas.
However, its intent is universal and so must be intelligible everywhere. This tells us that the law is based on reason. For example, the mandate of keeping raisin juice in certain kinds of containers comes from the fact that in the heat of the Hijaz the juice would quickly ferment. In cold climates, that would not apply. His strongest argument against it is that the literal occasions that the Zahiri hold onto are quite limited, but that people around the world encounter many more.
Ibn Ashur called for ijtihad in the strongest terms. He wanted to see Muslims coming forth to practice ijtihad for the global community. It was clear to him that the lack of ijtihad had grave consequences. He called for a group of mujtahids from countries around the world, from different madhahib schools , to address the needs of the community, as the basis for a renewal of civilisation.
He understands verses and , and the Hadith I have been commanded by Allah to fight people until they testify that there is no true god except Allah , as connected to the fighting with the aggressive Arab pagans and after the conquest of Mecca Fath Maccah verse came into force. Verse took away any option of fighting unbelievers.
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He was taught by Ibn Taymiyya and Al-Dhahabi. Upon completion of his studies he obtained his first official appointment in , when he joined an inquisitorial commission formed to determine certain questions of heresy. In he was made preacher khatib at a newly built mosque in Mizza, the home town of his father-in-law. In , he rose to a professorial position at the Great Mosque of Damascus.
Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur
Dule Dollar Euro Pounds Sterling. Tafsir works can broadly be categorized by its affiliated Islamic schools and branches and the era it was published, classic or modern. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. Articles containing Arabic-language text All stub articles.
Muhammad at-Tāhir ibn ʿĀschūr
IBN ASHUR TAFSIR PDF