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The lost Acts of Saturninus were employed as historical sources by the chronicler Gregory of Tours. The Acts placed Saturninus in the 1st century, made him one of the 72 disciples of Christ, placed him at the Last Supper.
The detail from the Acts that is selected for remembering today describes his martyrdom: to reach the Christian church Saturninus had to pass before the capitol still the Capitole de Toulouse , where there was an altar, and according to the Acts, the pagan priests ascribed the silence of their oracles to the frequent presence of Saturninus. One day they seized him and on his unshakeable refusal to sacrifice to the images they condemned him to be tied by the feet to a bull which dragged him about the town until the rope broke.
An inversion of this martyrdom, the tauroctony, the "killing of the bull," is precisely the central rite of Mithraism , the most important icon in the mithraeum , a depiction of Mithras in the act of killing a bull. The tauroctony was either painted or depicted in a sculptural relief, sometimes on the altar. Two Christian women puellae remembered as "les Puelles" piously gathered up the remains and buried them in a "deep ditch", that they might not be profaned by the pagans.
The site, said to be "where the bull stopped", is on the rue du Taur "Street of the Bull". The street with the Mithraic name is one of the original Roman cross streets running straight from the Capitole now to the Romanesque basilica honoring St.
Saturnin "St Sernin". The body of the saint was translated to the new church, which now forms the crypt of the present Romanesque basilica, one of the buildings that defines the Romanesque style in southern France.
The basilica is not the cathedral , which is dedicated to Saint Stephen. At the same time the bishop took the official Acts of Saturnin, the Passio antiqua, and rewrote them as a panegyric that took the place of the originals embellishing them with colorful details, and with pious legends linking Saturnin to the founding of the churches of Eauze , Auch , Pamplona, and Amiens. Even so, they are among the oldest documents of the Gallican Church. Saturnin in the Basilica of St. It was the Languedocian borough of Pamplona.
In Catalonia, Spain.
Jirotka Zdeněk: Saturnin - rusky Kniha