JURNAL ESRD PDF

JoJoshura The baseline demographic and clinical characteristics and relevant laboratory parameters of the patients are presented in Table 1. Magnitude of end-stage renal disease in IDDM: The exclusion criteria were: High prevalence rates of DM have also been reported from other Arab countries including This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http: The independent effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus on ischemic heart disease, stroke, and death: Further, we modelled a stepwise multiple regression analysis to define the independent determinants of post-hemodialysis FVC. Support Center Support Center. There is an important question now.

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JoJoshura The baseline demographic and clinical characteristics and relevant laboratory parameters of the patients are presented in Table 1. Magnitude of end-stage renal disease in IDDM: The exclusion criteria were: High prevalence rates of DM have also been reported from other Arab countries including This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http: The independent effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus on ischemic heart disease, stroke, and death: Further, we modelled a stepwise multiple regression analysis to define the independent determinants of post-hemodialysis FVC.

Support Center Support Center. There is an important question now. Non-medical factors influencing peritoneal dialysis utilization: Long-term survival of patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis A multicenter study in Iran. Blood samples were collected from all patients for the biochemical and hematological parameters. However, respiratory symptoms are usually either underestimated or overlooked in clinical practice [ 16 ].

Table 1 Demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of patients included in the study. Am J Kidney Dis. The prescription of dialysis to patients with advanced chronic kidney disease is subjective and great variations exist among physicians and countries.

Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. On the other hand, ESRD is a worldwide public health problem with an enormous financial burden for healthcare systems. Comparison of mortality in all patients on dialysis, patients on dialysis awaiting transplantation, and recipients of a first cadaveric transplant. A variety of pulmonary abnormalities, including pulmonary edema, pleural effusion, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary fibrosis and calcification, pulmonary hypertension, hemosiderosis, pleural fibrosis, and sleep apnea syndrome, have been documented in these patient cohorts [ 3 — 5 ].

Remeasurement esgd pulmonary function tests after achievement of euvolemia in overhydrated patients is needed in a future prospective study. Changes in spirometry over time in uremic patients receiving long-term hemodialysis therapy. In the past decades, several forms of glomerulonephritis GN were the most common initiating cause of ESRD in these countries. Many complications related to kidney transplantation may occur in diabetic ESRD patients. Therefore, we designed this study to investigate the acute effects of hemodialysis treatment on spirometry parameters.

Compared with nondiabetic transplant recipients, the incidence of cardiovascular disease among diabetic patients is high and it cause highest rates of adverse cardiac events in the early and late posttransplant period. On the other hand, ESRD is a worldwide public health problem with an enormous financial burden for healthcare systems Notes Please cite this paper as: For example, the result of Meier-Kriesche et al 45 study showed that preemptive kidney transplantation is associated with better patient and allograft survival among both living and deceased donors.

Changing epidemiology of end-stage renal disease in last 10 years in Iran. In addition, many of diabetic patients have autonomic neuropathy and therefore these patients are often more likely to have frequent hypotensive episodes during HD especially during essrd dialysis in which fluid removal is the primary goal. Wauters JP, Uehlinger D. Diabetic kidney disease occurs in the significant percentage of patients with type 1 and type 2 DM.

Urinary mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid associates with delayed graft function following renal transplantation. Diabetic nephropathy, classically defined by the presence of proteinuria occurs in significant esdd of patients with type 1 which formerly called insulin-dependent and type 2 which formerly called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus DM. Iran J Kidney Dis. Correspondence and offprint requests to: Teitelbaum I, Burkart J.

Several challenges and ambiguities that emerge in clinical trials and their possible solutions are provided. Diabetes and end-stage renal disease; a review article on new concepts Latest Most Read Most Cited C—C chemokine receptor type 2 mediates glomerular injury and interstitial fibrosis in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Although maintenance dialysis prevents death from uremia and the life expectancy jurnwl patients with ESRD including diabetic patients has improved since the introduction of dialysis in the s, it is still far below that of the general population.

ASTM D PDF In addition, the findings of the present study demonstrated that volume overload is closely associated with restrictive and obstructive respiratory abnormalities.

The variables were investigated using visual histograms and probability plots and analytical Kolmogorov-Smirnov test methods whether or not they were normally distributed. Patient survival in diabetics on maintenance renal replacement therapy including hemodialysis HDperitoneal dialysis PD and kidney transplantation is significantly lower than that seen in nondiabetics with ESRD.

We suggest that intervention to reduce esrrd volume in hemodialysis patients with volume overload could result in better pulmonary functions. Effects of hemodialysis and anemia on pulmonary diffusing capacity, membrane diffusing capacity and capillary blood volume in uremic patients.

On the contrary, Myers et al. Respiratory function abnormalities in uremic patients. Diabetes and end-stage renal disease; a review article on new concepts In addition, the risk of bacterial and fungal infections including posttransplant urinary tract infections is more common in diabetic versus nondiabetic transplant jurnall.

We enrolled 54 hemodialysis patients in this study. All patients were able to perform acceptable and judnal forced expiratory maneuvers with the same physician. However because of more aggressive treatment of GN and possibly because of rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity and diabetes, it is well established that diabetic nephropathy is now the leading cause and or probably with hypertensive nephropathy are the most common causes of ESRD in developed countries.

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JURNAL ESRD PDF

Kigasho uurnal A Forecast of the Upcoming Century. Hemodialysis can remove the excess fluid from the body in overhydrated patients, which in turn reduces water content of the lungs and thus decreases the pressure on airways, and reduces obstruction [ 27 ]. Table 1 Demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of patients included in the study. However, the incidence of patients who develop ESRD due to diabetes appears to have stabilized in Denmark, which may be due to the widespread implementation of intensive renoprotective measures such as improved glycemic and blood pressure control Abnormalities of pulmonary diffusion capacity in long-term survivors after kidney transplantation.

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American Journal of Kidney Diseases

Kidney Medicine The American Journal of Kidney Diseases AJKD , the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation , is recognized worldwide as a leading source of information devoted to clinical nephrology practice and clinical research. Articles selected for publication in AJKD must adhere to rigorous standards Read more The American Journal of Kidney Diseases AJKD , the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation , is recognized worldwide as a leading source of information devoted to clinical nephrology practice and clinical research. Each issue of AJKD includes a mix of research findings and educational content. Original Investigations—fully reviewed not only by peer reviewers but also by statistics experts to ensure validity-describe the latest findings related to pathogenesis and treatment of kidney disease, hypertension, acid-base and electrolyte disorders, dialysis therapies, and kidney transplantation.

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Meztishicage Diabetes and end-stage renal disease; a review article on new concepts Survival in dialysis patients is different between patients with diabetes as primary renal disease and patients with diabetes as a co-morbid condition. Choice of a dialysis modality including HD, chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis CAPD jjrnal automated peritoneal dialysis APD in diabetics is influenced by a number of considerations which apply to nondiabetics as well. However, analysis of data provided by the United States Renal Data Systems Esdr and other esre have found that survival benefit associated with PD is during the first few years on dialysis and is lost over time 30 Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. The effect of pentoxifylline on reduction of proteinuria among patients with type 2 jkrnal under blockade of angiotensin system: Many complications related to kidney transplantation may occur in diabetic ESRD patients. Outcome of patients on hemodialysis in Khuzestan, Iran. Respiratory system disorders are one of the most prevalent complications in end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. A variety of pulmonary abnormalities, including pulmonary edema, pleural effusion, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary fibrosis and calcification, pulmonary hypertension, hemosiderosis, pleural fibrosis, and sleep apnea syndrome, have been documented in these patient cohorts [ 3 — 5 ].

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Moogukazahn Role of ageing, chronic jurnl failure and dialysis in the calcification of mitral annulus. In addition, after adjusting for age, sex, country and malignancy, the survival of dialysis patients with diabetes as a primary renal disease is lower compared to patients with diabetes as a comorbid condition. We particularly focussed on the relationship between pulmonary function and fluid status in ESRD patients on regular hemodialysis, using a novel bioelectrical impedance analysis device to measure the fluid status. Bioelectrical impedance analysis In recent years, multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis BIAwhich is a simple, safe, novel, rapid, noninvasive, and promising method, has been used to determine fluid status in patients on dialysis therapy [ ]. Received May 7; Accepted May Parameters Age years However, this definition is still a surrogate since many patients may live years without being symptomatic or needing dialysis. However, analysis of data provided by the United States Renal Data Systems USRDS and other studies have found that survival benefit associated with PD is during the first few years on dialysis and is lost over time 30 Pulmonary calcification in chronic dialysis patients.

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