Its name means "the Spanish Legion". The Roman commander mentions the Ninth Legion in his accounts of the battle against the Nervians. In the spring of 48, the Ninth served at Dyrrhachium , where it suffered heavily. In the battle of Pharsalus 9 August 48 , it fought as one unit with the Eighth. Some veterans were settled in Picenum, others at Histria. When this was achieved, the Ninth was sent to the Balkans, where it received the surname Macedonica.
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Date uncertain. Date ca. AD   Inscriptiones Aquileiae I. From Aquileia in northeastern Italy. Votive altar. The text reads: "[Dedicated] to the invincible god Mithras. Two lists of the legions in being survive from this era, one inscribed on a column found in Rome CIL VI, and the other a list of legions in existence "today" provided by the contemporary Greco-Roman historian Dio Cassius , writing ca.
Both these lists date from after , as both include the 3 Parthica legions founded by Severus in that year. Both lists provide an identical list of 33 legions. The mason may have mistakenly engraved "II" instead of "V". Sauveur argued in that the tile-stamps of VI Hispana were in reality a mistake for VII Gemina , which from AD 70 till the 4th century was the sole imperial legion permanently based in Hispania.
But there is no supporting evidence that VI Victrix was ever known by this name. Seyrig cites Suetonius that Galba "raised from the people of his province Hispania Tarraconensis legions and auxiliary regiments additional to his existing forces of one legion [VI Victrix] and [5 auxiliary regiments]". Finally, Seyrig argues, VI Hispana disappeared during the 2nd century, before Seyrig dates the Dinippus inscription to ca.
Also Seyrig considers the Cassianus inscription to date from before Furthermore, the Cassianus inscription has been dated to the reign of Philip the Arab r. This seems implausible for an imperial legion active in the 1st and 2nd centuries. The main difficulty with this theory is that Dio Cassius does not include a "VI Hispana" in his list of legions existing at his time of writing If VI Hispana was founded after Dio completed his history or after he died the omission would be explained.
The lack of other evidence is not necessarily fatal to its plausibility, as the 3rd century saw a huge diminution in the frequency of inscriptions compared to the two preceding centuries. Furthermore, if the legion was founded around in the period and destroyed in , its existence lasted only a decade or two, explaining the lack of more evidence.
Conclusion[ edit ] The existence of a legion called "VI Hispana" remains doubtful. A third century VI Hispana, however, is a possibility, though dependent on a single record and its dating.
The Mystery of the Lost Legion: One of the Most Experienced Legions Vanished
Date uncertain. Date ca. AD   Inscriptiones Aquileiae I. From Aquileia in northeastern Italy. Votive altar. The text reads: "[Dedicated] to the invincible god Mithras.
Legio VIIII Hispana
After his final victory, Caesar disbanded the legion and settled the veterans in the area of Picenum. After defeating Sextus, they were sent to the province of Macedonia. The nickname Hispana "stationed in Hispania" is first found during the reign of Augustus and probably originated at that time. After this, the legion was probably part of the imperial army in the Rhine borderlands that was campaigning against the Germanic tribes. Britain AD 43 — at least [ edit ] In AD 43, the legion most likely participated in the Roman invasion of Britain led by the emperor Claudius and general Aulus Plautius , because they soon appear amongst the provincial garrison. Around the same year, the legion constructed a fort, Lindum Colonia , at Lincoln.