It is also practiced on a grassroots level by community organizers, activists, teachers, social workers, cultural animators, and more. In the U. Inspired by the vision of Paulo Freire and his landmark treatise on education, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, T. It is about analyzing rather than accepting, questioning rather than giving answers. Theatre of the Oppressed techniques include: Image Theatre A series of physical exercises and games designed to uncover essential truths, opinions, and observations about society, culture, self, etc.
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Theater of the Oppressed is an arsenal of theater techniques and games that seeks to motivate people, restore true dialogue, and create space for participants to rehearse taking action.
Boal points out that when we are simply passive audience members, we transfer our desire to take action onto the characters we identify with, and then find that desire satiated as the conflict resolves itself on stage, in films or in the news. Catharsis substitutes for action. Boal, following Brecht, calls this bourgeois theater, which functions to reproduce elite visions of the world and pacify spectators.
London: Pluto Press, The image then becomes a source of critical reflection, facilitated by various kinds of interventions: spect-actors may be asked to depict an ideal image of liberation from that oppression, and then a sequence of transition images required to reach it, or to reshape an image to show different perspectives.
Forum theater see TACTIC is a short play or scene that dramatizes a situation, with a terribly oppressive ending that spect-actors cannot be satisfied with. Theater thus becomes rehearsal for real-world action. Legislative theater takes forum theater to the government and asks spect-actors to not only attempt interventions on stage, but to write down the successful interventions into suggestions for legislation and hand them in to the elected officials in the room.
The objective is to unsettle passive social relations and spark critical dialogue among the spect-actors, who never learn that they are part of a play. Theater of the Oppressed offers arts-based strategy-developing exercises that foster collaboration and community-led engagement.
What could be more awesome? Over the last seventeen years she has trained and facilitated thousands of children, youth and adults. She can be found at www. Hey there! Did you know that you can jump into our experimental visualization interface right from this point? Give it a try and send us your feedback! Further Insights.
Augusto Boal’s ‘Theatre of the Oppressed’
History[ edit ] Although it was first officially adopted in the s, Theatre of the Oppressed, a term coined by Augusto Boal, is a series of theatrical analyses and critiques was first developed in the s. Boal was an avid supporter of using interactive techniques, especially in the context of theatre. Many of his ideas are considered as "a new media perspective", despite the relatively early birth of these ideas. Since then, these ideas have been developed more, giving them meaning in a modern-day context. The creation of the Theatre of the Oppressed is largely based on the idea of dialogue and interaction between audience and performer. Moreover, these ideas have served as a framework for the development and evolution of stronger ideas. This individual is usually called the "facilitator".
Theatre of the Oppressed