Die Texte der vier Evangelien wurden erst Ende des 4. Keine dieser Schriften beruht auf historisch belegten Tatsachen. Bei den Evangelien handelt es sich zudem nicht um eine Biografie Christi, sondern, so die Kirchenlehre, um die zentralen Texte des christlichen Glaubens. Nicht erst Marco Polo war auf der Seidenstrasse?
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An English rendering of this verse would be: At the Ganga the air is filled with scent and light And giant trees are flowering And beautiful, quiet people Kneel before lotus flowers. This created a picture of India widely familiar in Germany.
He had a particular feeling for Indian scenery, as is revealed by his verses in his famous Buch der Lieder Book of Songs. We Germans have been all along been left to watch it. Germany would do likewise, but hers would be treasures of spiritual knowledge. Singhal - Pan Macmillan Limited. Paul Verlaine , The French lyric poet known for the musical quality of his verse, wrote the French poem, "Savitri.
His enthusiasm was such that he said: "Par Indra! I name thee, O Sakuntala! I even felt impelled to make the impossible attempt to bring it in some form to the German stage. These efforts were fruitless but they made me so thoroughly acquainted with this most valuable work, it represented such an epoch in my life, I so absorbed it, that for thirty years I did not look at either the English or the German version It is only now that I understand the enormous impression that work made on me at an earlier age.
Melvil Sym. No wonder he modeled the prologue of his Faust on the prologue to Sakuntala. The jester in the prologue of Faust is reminiscent of one of the vidusaka in the Indian drama, a parallel first noticed by Heinrich Heine. Goethe friend Schiller, was moved to enthusiastic praise of Sakuntala, he wrote, "in the whole world of Greek antiquity there is no poetical representation of beautiful love which approaches even afar.
Pg One of the noblest "overtures" in European music is the Sakuntala overture of the Hungarian composer Carl Goldmark He went a long step further when he remarked that if Greek culture had influenced Western civilization, the ancient Greeks themselves were the "sons of Hindu thought.
As has already been mentioned, Pythagoras went to India in order to draw from the very source the principles which constituted the foundation of his doctrine and which in its turn influenced Plato, Socrates and even Aristotle to a certain degree.
Apollonius of Tyanae, Plotin, did they not follow in the footprints of their predecessors, in directing themselves towards far-off India? That is the reason why ancient India is our Mother. In the measure that we Westerners make our intellectual and spiritual genealogy reach back to India shall we learn to love her and to consider in its true light her wisdom, the patrimony of every man. Singhal Pan Macmillan Limited. The soul of the world is in danger. It is a banal truth to write but, nevertheless, it ought to be ceaselessly repeated.
When we seek in the buried centuries for vestiges of these columns of glory, a name, among others, emerges: INDIA. It is a fact, whether we wish to accept it or not, that India is the Mother of all of us. She has given us everything: religion, philosophy, science, art. All that has been truly great, noble, and generous, throughout the ages has come from India. At this moment when a hurricane of violence and hate is raging across the world, and will rage still more through the world of the future, making the very frame-work of our civilization crack, at this moment when intellectual and moral values are being trampled upon by the hordes of egotism, brutality, and lying, let us go together, towards India from whom we can learn so much.
Ramayana is one of the greatest epic poems of the world and that, correctly understood, it leads us, scholars tell us to an understanding of the evolution of humanity: Hanuman and the Vanara rejoicing at the restoration of Sita image source: The Fragrance of India : landmarks for the world of tomorrow - By Louis Revel.
The Illiad and Odyssey have touched many Western hearts; nevertheless, those epic poems which contain so much truths, when translated into our modern languages, fail unfortunately, to influence intimately the lives of people. In India, on the other hand, there is scarcely a Hindu family or dwelling where the divinity of Rama and of Krishna are not adored; where the chastity of Sita or of Draupadi is not extolled; or where the courage of Hanuman — the monkey god who aided Rama to vanquish his enemies — is not a subject of conversation.
Every civilization which is not based on the culture of the spirit is doomed to perish in brutality and blood. Rama and Sita, noble human heroes, you who give the example of a sublime spiritual ideal, in your atmosphere of peace and infinite tenderness there reigns a hope, the hope of the regeneration of humanity through the understanding of these ancient symbols and by their realization in the inner lives of men. It is not necessary to be a great scholar on the subject to perceive this.
The message of the Gita is a universal call to Democracy, liberty for the peoples, liberty for each individual. A ray of light rests on the face of Krishna.
The Friend! May we find, we also, the resting-place, the refuge, the friend who guides and inspires our life! Herman Hesse German poet and novelist, awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in , found in Indian thought an answer to his yearning for deliverance from "ego" and from the tyrannical dictates of temporality.
Indian thought offered the most radical possibility of undoing the curse of individuation, of annihilating the "idiotic one-after-the-other" by the postulation of the eternal simultaneity of nirvana. The positive attitude of the Bhagavad Gita also appealed to Hesse. He visited India in and the study of ancient Hindu texts affected Hesse deeply and had great influence on his works. The threefold sequence of sensual love, wisdom, and self-denial experienced by the poet Bhartrihari is interpreted by Hesse as the result of humble and wise humanity.
In the Journey to the Orient , Hesse says about India: "It is not only a country and something geographical, but the home and the youth of the soul, the everywhere and nowhere, the oneness of all times. There are many parallels in Siddhartha and Bhagavad Gita. Friedrich Nietzsche the great German Philosopher, poet, classical philologist, who became one of the most provocative and influential thinkers of the 19th century.
He was deeply influenced by Schopenhauer in his youth. Deeply disillusioned by his native faith Christianity, he called it the immortal blemish of mankind. He was very appreciative of the Upanishads and, indeed, contemptuous of those Europeans who, devoid of intellectual discernment, wanted to convert and "civilize" the Brahmans. When Paul Deussen told him his plan of translating ancient Hindu texts and expounding their wisdom, he expressed great enthusiasm saying that Indian philosophy was the one parallel to their own European philosophy.
He found in the Manusmriti one of the source of his own philosophy of superman. Srinivasachari p. Nietzsche so highly esteemed the Hindu text that he declared all other ethical codes to be imitations and even caricatures of this. Singhal p. One sees immediately that it has a real philosophy behind it, in it, not merely an ill-smelling Jewish acidity compounded of rabbinisim and superstition All the things upon which Christianity vents its abysmal vulgarity, procreation, for example, woman, marriage, are here treated seriously, with reverence, with love and trust.
The Antichrist - By Friedrich Nietzsche p. Nietzsche himself had read the Vedas, which he admired profoundly, could quote from the Laws of Manu and thought that "Buddhism and Brahmanism are a hundred times deeper and more objective than Christianity.
Mircea Eliade born in Bucharest, Romania and was educated as a philosopher lectured in the Ecole des Hautes-Etudes of the Sorbonne. In the universal history of mysticism, Yoga occupies a place of its own, and one that is difficult to define. It represents a living fossil, a modality of archaic spirituality that has survived nowhere else.
Yoga takes over and continues the immemorial symbolism of initiation; in other words, it finds its place in a universal tradition of the religious history of mankind. With a rigor unknown elsewhere, India has applied itself to analyzing the various conditionings of the human being. To such a degree is this true that Yoga has ended by becoming a characteristic dimension of Indian spirituality. Commenting on history which has no metaphysical significance for either Hinduism or Buddhism, he states that: "Profane time must be abolished, at least symbolically, so that man forgets his "historical situation".
The highest human ideal is the jivamukta - one who is liberated from Time. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa the surreal Hindu Bengali Saint spent a lifetime seeking spiritual enlightenment, beginning in his childhood with a mystical encounter he experienced at the age of six. A temple priest at Dakshinesvar and a mystical devotee of Kali, became a source of religious renewal for a large number of Bengalis who met him during his lifetime.
His life enables us to see God face to face. His word and example have been echoed in the hearts of Western men and women. His soul animates modern India. He experimented with the truths of Vedanta. He attained God-realization through four different religions Tantrism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity , each time meeting the same Absolute God--which prompted him to declare that all religions lead to the same God.
There exists in this Sanatana Dharma Hinduism all forms of worship -- worship of God with form and worship of the impersonal Deity as well.
It contains all paths--the path of knowledge, the path of devotion and so on. Other forms of religion, the modern cults, will remain for a few days and then disappear.
He was addressed as Master by his disciples. Once one of his disciples asked him: "Do you believe in God, sir? But where God is realized within, that is true knowledge. There the dumb speaks, the blind sees, and deaf hears. The great disciple of Ramakrishna was Swami Vivekananda whose message has inspired, influenced and transformed thousands of lives around the world.
Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and Vivekananda started the renaissance of Hinduism at this time. Abraham Seidenberg an American historian of mathematics, has said: " Ancient Egyptian, Babylonian and Greek geometries derive from the mathematics recorded in the Sulbasutras. If these things were known by the people who think that they alone have mastered the sciences because they speak Greek, they would perhaps be convinced that every folk, not only Greeks, but men of a different tongues, know something as well as they.
Basham p. Barend Van Nooten author of Rig Veda, a metrically restored text with an introduction and notes, and The Mahabharata; Attributed to Krsna Dvaipayana Vyasa, writes: "Borrowings by western scholars in the sphere of literature and philosophy are obvious and well-known.
There are near virtual; copies of plots, characters, episodes, situations and time duration from the Mahabharata in Homer and Virgil. Galav p. Carl Gustav Jung studied Indic traditions, taught summer institutes on yoga philosophy and kundalini in Zurich for a few years. We have never yet hit upon the thought that while we are overpowering the Orient from without, it may be fastening its hold upon us from within.
Yoga fulfills this expectation.
Frases de Louis Jacolliot