Ha anche collaborato con i musicisti Luciano Berio e Sylvano Bussotti. Scrisse la presentazione di "Cuore" a fumetti, di F. Bonzi e Alain Denis, pubblicata su "Linus" nel Esordio letterario[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] Umberto Eco nel Molte opere furono dedicate alle teorie della narrazione e della letteratura: Il superuomo di massa , Lector in fabula , Sei passeggiate nei boschi narrativi , Sulla letteratura , Dire quasi la stessa cosa , sulla traduzione. Morte[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] Muore nella sua casa di Milano il 19 febbraio alle ore ,   a causa di un tumore del pancreas che lo aveva colpito due anni prima.
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Life[ edit ] Eco was born on 5 January in the city of Alessandria , in Piedmont in northern Italy, and he attended high school there. His father, Giulio, one of thirteen children, was an accountant before the government called him to serve in three wars. During his university studies, Eco stopped believing in God and left the Catholic Church.
This was especially true after the publication of his first book in , Il problema estetico in San Tommaso, which was an extension of his Laurea thesis. This also marked the beginning of his lecturing career at his alma mater. In September he married Renate Ramge, a German art teacher with whom he had a son and a daughter. He divided his time between an apartment in Milan and a vacation house near Urbino.
He had a 30, volume library in the former and a 20, volume library in the latter. In — Eco was the Norton professor at Harvard University. In November he was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Kent at Canterbury Cathedral. Six books that were authored, co-authored, or co-edited by Eco were published by Indiana University Press. In , the University of Belgrade in Serbia awarded him an honorary doctorate. By Jean-Max Albert Rt, Eco died at his Milanese home of pancreatic cancer ,  from which he had been suffering for two years, on the night of 19 February Literary criticism[ edit ] Eco began seriously developing his ideas on the "open" text and on semiotics, writing many essays on these subjects, and in he published Opera aperta translated into English as "The Open Work".
In it, Eco argued that literary texts are fields of meaning, rather than strings of meaning; and that they are understood as open, internally dynamic and psychologically engaged fields. Eco came to these positions through study of language and from semiotics, rather than from psychology or historical analysis as did theorists such as Wolfgang Iser , on the one hand, and Hans Robert Jauss , on the other.
His book Apocalittici e integrati analyzes the phenomenon of mass communication from a sociological perspective. In he gave the influential  lecture "Towards a Semiological Guerrilla Warfare", which coined the influential term " semiological guerrilla ", and influenced the theorization of guerrilla tactics against mainstream mass media culture , such as guerrilla television and culture jamming. Eco co-founded Versus: Quaderni di studi semiotici known as VS among Italian academics , a semiotic journal.
VS is used by scholars whose work is related to signs and signification. Most of the well-known European semioticians, including Eco, A. Eco developed this transcultural international network based on the idea of Alain le Pichon in West Africa. The Bologna program resulted in the first conference in Guangzhou, China , in entitled "Frontiers of Knowledge".
The first event was soon followed by an Itinerant Euro-Chinese seminar on "Misunderstandings in the Quest for the Universal" along the silk trade route from Guangzhou to Beijing. The latter culminated in a book entitled The Unicorn and the Dragon,  which discussed the question of the creation of knowledge in China and in Europe. This, in turn, gave rise to a series of conferences in Brussels , Paris and Goa , culminating in Beijing in Eco presented the opening lecture. Also on the program were scholars from the fields of law and science including Antoine Danchin , Ahmed Djebbar and Dieter Grimm.
His novels are full of subtle, often multilingual, references to literature and history. Eco cited James Joyce and Jorge Luis Borges as the two modern authors who have influenced his work the most. Franciscan friar William of Baskerville , aided by his assistant Adso, a Benedictine novice , investigates a series of murders at a monastery that is to host an important religious debate. The title is unexplained in the book. As a symbol, the rose is ubiquitous enough not to confer any single meaning.
Murray Abraham , Christian Slater and Ron Perlman , which follows the plot, though not the philosophical and historical themes, of the novel  and a made-for-television mini-series.
Their conspiracy, which they call "The Plan", is about an immense and intricate plot to take over the world by a secret order descended from the Knights Templar. As the game goes on, the three slowly become obsessed with the details of this plan. The game turns dangerous when outsiders learn of The Plan, and believe that the men have really discovered the secret to regaining the lost treasure of the Templars.
The book, set in the 17th century, is about a man stranded on a ship within sight of an island which he believes is on the other side of the international date-line. The main character is trapped by his inability to swim and instead spends the bulk of the book reminiscing on his life and the adventures that brought him to be stranded.
Baudolino was published in Baudolino is a much-travelled polyglot Piedmontese scholar who saves the Byzantine historian Niketas Choniates during the sack of Constantinople in the Fourth Crusade. Claiming to be an accomplished liar, he confides his history, from his childhood as a peasant lad endowed with a vivid imagination, through his role as adopted son of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa , to his mission to visit the mythical realm of Prester John. Throughout his retelling, Baudolino brags of his ability to swindle and tell tall tales, leaving the historian and the reader unsure of just how much of his story was a lie.
The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana is about Giambattista Bodoni, an old bookseller specializing in antiques who emerges from a coma with only some memories to recover his past. Bodoni is pressed to make a very difficult choice, one between his past and his future. He must either abandon his past to live his future or regain his past and sacrifice his future. It is the story of a secret agent who "weaves plots, conspiracies, intrigues and attacks, and helps determine the historical and political fate of the European Continent".
The book is a narrative of the rise of Modern-day antisemitism , by way of the Dreyfus affair , The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and other important 19th-century events which gave rise to hatred and hostility toward the Jewish people. Numero Zero was published in